HERE ARE THE MOST POPULAR LINUX DISTROS
Ubuntu is a Debian-based distro that uses Unity as a default desktop
environment. It’s one of the most popular distros around, and it
improves with every release. The latest releases have been quite
polished, and have been optimized for desktops, and multi-touch devices
such as trackpads and touchscreens.
Kubuntu is an Ubuntu derivative that uses KDE instead of Unity as the
default desktop environment. Beneath this, it is essentially the same
as Ubuntu and is released on the same schedule.Mint
Linux Mint was designed to be an elegant, modern distro that was easy
to use, yet powerful. It’s based on Ubuntu and Debian, is reliably safe
and comes with one of the best software managers. These days it’s one
of the most popular Linux distributions around, claiming to be the most
popular home operating system after Windows and Mac OS.
Deepin is an Ubuntu based distro
that has built the Deepin Desktop Environment (DDE) to appeal to newer
Linux users. In fact, we highly recommend new users give Deepin a go.
It’s stylish, simple and intuitive, featuring one of the best system
settings panel displays of any distro. Deepin also features its own
applications, like DMusic, DPlayer and the soon-to-be-released DTalk.
Yet another Ubuntu-based distro, Elementary OS
has differentiated itself superbly since the release of Elementary OS
Luna. It features beautiful, simple default apps that follow the OS’s
aesthetic appeal, such as Geary for email, Midori web browser, Maya
calendar, Totem movie player, and the Noise music player. Some of the
default apps were developed in-house in order to meet expectations.
Zorin OS has been designed specifically for newcomers to Linux, with a
look and feel that is all about making a good impression and easing the
transition from Windows to Linux. The Ubuntu-based distro features,
apps that will be familiar to Windows users, and makes it easy for users
to run the Windows apps they still need. Zorin OS 9 has been built to
be a lot like Windows 7, hoping to get some new Linux converts from
those leaving Windows XP behind.
The OpenSUSE distribution is a general distro for Linux built by the
OpenSUSE Project, aiming to be both a great beginner distro and
something that appeals to experienced Linux users. OpenSUSE comes with
YAST, an administration program that controls installations, package
management and more.
Fedora is an innovation-focused distribution, with a short life cycle
that lends itself to leading-edge software. It uses the GNOME desktop
environment by default, but users can easily switch to KDE, Xfce, LXDE,
MATE and Cinnamon, among others. Custom variations of Fedora, known as
Fedora spins, are available for users with particular needs.
Xubuntu is an Ubuntu derivative that uses the Xfce (XForms Common
Environment) desktop environment, meaning it is elegant and lightweight.
It’s great for laptops and netbooks as well as desktops. Because it is
light and uses few system resources, it is perfect for older computers.
Debian is an older Linux distribution which comes with the GNOME
desktop environment by default, and it’s much-loved for both personal
computers and for network servers. However, it’s also available for
FreeBSD and work is in progress to support other kernels, such as the Hurd
. Debian prides itself on coming preloaded with over 37500 packages, and with simple utilities that make it easy to get more.
Korora was originally based on Gentoo Linux, and evolved with the aim
of making Linux easy for newcomers, but also useful for experts. It
comes with a choice of desktop environments, including the Cinnamon,
GNOME, KDE, MATE and Xfce desktops.
Slackware is a distro built specifically for security and simplicity,
aiming to be the most UNIX-like Linux distribution. It’s particularly
useful for server management, as it has FTP, email and web servers
available to use immediately.
The French Mageia began as a community-driven, non-profit fork of
Mandriva Linux, and features all the major desktop environments.
Primarily, KDE and GNOME are available as default desktops.
SparkyLinux is a distribution that has evolved from the “testing”
branch of Debian. The main edition comes with a customized version of
the lightweight LXDE desktop, with other customized desktops available.
Gentoo Linux is a distribution optimized for configurability, and can
be adapted to almost any need. Its versatility and performance are what
sets it apart from other distros. Gentoo Linux also comes with an
advanced package management system called Portage.
CentOS (Community Enterprise Operating System) is a Linux
distribution that is a community rebuild of Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
It’s designed for people who want to use an enterprise-worthy
distribution for free.
PCLinuxOS is designed with regular PC users in mind, and features the
KDE Plasma Desktop by default. This distribution makes it easy to
install drivers, get Office software, edit photos, get online and start
using multimedia. It also makes it easy to do snapshot backups.
PinGuyOS is both beautiful and ready to use from the start. The
Ubuntu-based distribution comes pre-packaged with all the best software
for regular use and for network setup, making it perfect for beginners.
It features a modified GNOME user interface.
DouDou Linux is for young children, with the aim of teaching them how
to explore computers and learn from them. It provides games and
educational programs suitable for kids aged 2-12 and is a safe
environment that parents won’t have to watch over.
Edubuntu is a distro for education which is partnered with Ubuntu. It
has been created to be as easy as possible for teachers to set up, and
for kids of all ages to use. It comes pre-packaged with all the best
free software for education.
Uberstudent is a distribution specifically designed for tertiary and
advanced secondary students. It comes pre-packaged with software that
makes it easy to do assignments and manage tasks.
Lubuntu is a lightweight distro based on Ubuntu that’s perfect for
laptop usage. It uses the minimal desktop LXDE (Lightweight X11 Desktop
Environment) and comes with lightweight applications designed for
energy-efficiency and speed. It’s great for most older computers,
netbooks and mobile devices as it uses minimal RAM and has low system
is a distribution that’s really small and can be run entirely from RAM.
This means Puppy Linux is great for older computers, even without hard
drives! It is also easy to use as a malware remover for any existing
Manjaro Linux is a fast, easy-to-use, light-weight distribution based
on Arch Linux. It aims to give all the benefits of Arch Linux, with
more user-friendliness and accessibility, making it easier on newcomers.
The Xfce desktop is the default, but other options are available.
Arch Linux is a distribution designed with experienced users in mind.
This light-weight minimalist distribution aims to keep things simple,
and uses a rolling release model for updates. It features a custom-made
package manager called “Pacman”, which makes it easy to build, modify
and share packages.
Tiny Core Linux is an extremely light, modular distribution noted
specifically for its small size (currently 15 MB). It is build on the
Linux kernel and uses BusyBox and FLTK (Fast, Light Toolkit).
The Debian-based CrunchBang Linux distribution is minimalist and
highly customizable, featuring the Openbox window manager instead of a
desktop environment. It comes with a number of GTK+ applications
The Ubuntu-based Bodhi Linux distribution comes with the light-weight
and beautiful Enlightenment desktop. Bodhi is extremely customizable,
with themes and apps readily available to expand on the light
ArtistX is specifically tailored to artists
of all types, from music to graphic design. It’s based on Ubuntu and
comes pre-packaged with all the best 2D and 3D graphic design, video
production, and audio manufacturing software for GNU/Linux.
The main point of Hybryde Fusion is to allow you to test out which Linux desktop environment you like
best. This distribution is considered a conceptual work, and not something you’d use daily.
Formerly known as BackTrack, Kali Linux is focused on penetration
testing. This Debian-based Linux distribution makes it easy to perform
digital forensic tasks.
Parted Magic is built as a disc management tool, with disc
partitioning and copying as primary tools. It also makes it easy to
perform disc recovery and erasing.
GParted is a single-purpose distribution, designed to make it easy to partition hard drives using a graphical interface.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux is a commercial derivative of Fedora,
designed with enterprise customers in mind. There are a number of
variants and addons, and certification is available for both
administrators and applications.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop is designed for business use and is
therefore enterprise-ready from installation, making it easy to work
with a variety of office programs. It’s flexible enough to run on a
variety of devices, but is reliable enough for extremely critical
processes. Also available is the SUSE Linux Enterprise Server edition.
TAILS is a distribution that revolves wholly around the concept of
privacy and security. It is a live operating system you can use from a
DVD, USB stick or SD card, so that you can be safe using any computer
and leave no trace of your activities. All Internet connections are
routed through TOR (The Onion Router) for the best possible anonymity,
and cryptographic tools are readily available to protect all your
communication methods from prying eyes.